The medical term for a spider vein is “telangiectasia”. Spider veins are those unsightly small veins that tend to reveal themselves on the face, chest, and legs. Consider the example of an upside down tree. The trunk represents the largest vessels for blood flow – the arteries. The branches of the trees are the veins. The smaller branches that are connected to the larger branches would be the “spider veins.”
Spider veins represent a cosmetic concern vs. a health concern and are differentiated from varicose veins because spider veins are not associated with other signs and symptoms such as poor circulation, bumpy or protruding veins or pain in the legs. Because spider veins are superficial, they are not necessary for good blood flow. Spider veins are primarily genetically linked, but may develop from chronic sun damage as the skin and tissue cells change as a result of photodamage. Spider veins and other more serious vein issues like varicose veins occur about when the valves in the veins are weakened (usually with age and because of genetic factors) causing the pooling of blood in the lower extremeties. This poor valve function is the genetic link for those with lower extremity vein issues. When spider veins are found in the face, they are more often linked to genetics and sun damage than poor circulation.
Spider veins are usually considered to be less than 3mm in diameter. They can be red, purple, blue, or a combination of all three colors. The color is determined by the depth of the vessel with red being the most superficial and closer to the surface and blue and purple lying deeper in the tissue. Celibre uses Class IV medical lasers to safely and effectively eliminate spider veins on the face and legs for all skin types.